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How to Select the Right Jaw Crusher

Buying the Right Jaw Crusher

What is a Jaw Crusher Used for You Ask?

When testing aggregates, ores, coal, and coke in geotechnical or construction materials testing laboratories, sample preparation often involves the reduction of particle sizes from the initial bulk or field sample. Many of these materials are hard, tough, or brittle, so crushing them to smaller sizes is an ideal application for robust, rugged, and durable jaw crushers.

The Working Principles Of A Jaw Crusher

All jaw crushers operate on the same straightforward principle; two hard-faced heavy plates or jaws crush large particles between them. One powered jaw reciprocates in an elliptical motion opposite a stationary jaw mounted in the frame.

Jaw Crusher Plates

During an operating cycle, the gap between the two jaws opens; a particle drops in, the jaws close in and crush the particle. Further crushing of the fractured pieces continues until particles are small enough to fall through the bottom opening by gravity. The jaws face each other at a slight vertical angle, so particles become smaller as they progress toward the bottom.

 jaw-crusher-crushing

A simple adjustment of the distance between the two jaws regulates the final sample size. The term final size can be a little vague. It refers to the approximate maximum particle size at completion of crushing, but the size range and distribution can vary considerably based on the material properties of the sample.

Advantages of a Jaw Crusher

Many factors make laboratory jaw crushers the optimum selection for effective and efficient primary crushing of hard, brittle, rock-like materials.

  • Laboratory models are available with sample top sizes from 0.75in to 8in (20mm to 203mm).
  • Jaw plates are available in a variety of material types to optimize performance with different materials.
  • Models have throughput capacities from 20lb to 4,000lb (9kg to 1,800kg) per hour for volumes from small samples to pilot-plant scale production.
  • A broad range between maximum size (top size) capacity and final particle size of the processed sample means fewer steps for complete reduction.
  • Adjustable spacing between jaws regulates the final sample size and compensates for wear.
  • Reversible jaw plates extend service life between replacements.
  • The proven technology provides consistent, repeatable results.
  • Jaw crushers feature safe, simple operation and maintenance.

Disadvantages of a Jaw Crusher

Jaw crushers can also have some disadvantages compared to other types of size reduction.

  • Opposing jaw plates are less efficient at reducing materials that are tough, ductile, or soft instead of hard and brittle.
  • The fine sizes are generally coarser than those produced with pulverizers, hammer mills, and other types of crushers.
  • The final particle size range is not as tightly controlled as other crusher types.

How to Choose:

The selection of the best jaw crusher for your application will naturally be governed by the particle size, volume, and properties of your bulk material, along with the desired particle size and quantity of the final sample. The size of the jaw plates limits the particle size capacity and determines the size of the feed opening. In general, maximum particle sizes are about 70-80% of the feed opening, but this can vary by manufacturers and models. Jaw materials are available in a variety of materials to adapt to the hardness and toughness properties of samples and to extend service life.

Our Recommendations:

Small Crushers: For applications where reduced quantities of materials with smaller top sizes and final sizes are needed, these smaller jaw crushers fit the bill. Their compact size allows easy positioning anywhere in the lab, even on a benchtop.

Top Size,
in (mm)
¹Final Size,
in (mm)
Model #Product DescriptionMaximum
Throughput/hr,
lb (kg)
Available Jaw MaterialsNotes
0.75 (20)0.055 (1.4)LC-26Laboratory Jaw Crusher20 (9)AR450 SteelHigh rpm and lower dust operation
1 (25)0.0625 (1.6)LC-8Mini Jaw Crusher20 (9)Alloy Steel, Ceramic, or Tungsten CarbideIdeal for small quantities
2 (50)0.055 (1.4)LC-27Laboratory Jaw Crusher50 (22)AR450 SteelHigh rpm and lower dust operation
¹ Final Size is an approximate maximum particle size of the material after crushing with the opening set to its minimum clearance. Particle size distribution will vary by material type.

Medium Crushers: These useful models have the capacity, size, and power to meet most primary crushing functions in the lab. Options for voltage configurations add to their versatility.

Top Size,
in (mm)
¹Final Size,
in (mm)
Model #Product DescriptionMaximum
Throughput/hr,
lb (kg)
Available Jaw MaterialsNotes
3 (76)0.063 (1.6)LC-33 or LC-34Standard Bico
Chipmunk Jaw Crusher
400 (182)Alloy Steel, Manganese Steel optionalSeparate model numbers based on voltage options
3 (76)0.24 (6.0)LC-20Morse Jaw Crusher1,200 (545)Alloy Steel, Inquire for others
3 (76)0.25 (6.3)LC-28Laboratory Jaw Crusher500 (227)High-Manganese SteelHigh rpm and lower dust operation
4 (102)0.063 (1.6)LC-35 or LC-36Heavy-Duty Bico
Chipmunk Jaw Crusher
800 (363)Alloy Steel, Manganese Steel optionalSeparate model numbers based on voltage options
4 (102)0.24 (6.0)LC-22Morse Jaw Crusher2,500 (1,134)Alloy Steel, Inquire for others
¹ Final Size is an approximate maximum particle size of the material after crushing with the opening set to its minimum clearance. Particle size distribution will vary by material type.

Large Crushers: When size capacity and throughput are the most sought-after features, these units are the best choice. Options for power by gasoline or Diesel engines mean the crushers can work on-site at remote laboratories or pilot plants.

Top Size,
in (mm)
¹Final Size,
in (mm)
Model #Product DescriptionMaximum
Throughput/hr,
lb (kg)
Available Jaw MaterialsNotes
6 (152)0.12 (3.0)LC-37Bico Badger Jaw Crusher1,300 (590)Alloy Steel, Manganese Steel optional
6.5 (165)0.25 (6.4)LC-24Morse Jaw Crusher4,000 (1,800)Alloy Steel, Ceramic, or Tungsten Carbide
8 (203)0.24 (6.0)LC-4410in Jaw Crusher4,000 (1,800)450 Brinell Steel, Manganese/Chrome optionalElectric, Diesel, or Gas-Powered options
¹ Final Size is an approximate maximum particle size of the material after crushing with the opening set to its minimum clearance. Particle size distribution will vary by material type.

We hope this blog post has helped you select the right jaw crusher. Please contact the testing experts at Gilson to discuss your application.

About the Author Ben Backus